Risk Factors & Complications of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Risk Factors & Complications of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

bph_prostateObviously, there are risk factors when it comes to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). It is important to know what to look for so that one can take the proper measures for dealing with BPH.

Risk factors for prostate gland enlargement include:

Age. Prostate gland enlargement rarely causes signs and symptoms in men younger than 40. About one-third of men experience moderate to severe symptoms by 60. Half do so by 80.
Family History. Having a blood relative (father or a brother) with prostate problems means you’re much more likely to have these problems.
Food & Exercise. Obesity increases the risk of BPH. Exercise lowers your risk. It is that simple.
Diabetes and Heart Disease. Studies show that diabetes and heart disease as well as the use of beta-blockers, may increase the risk of BPH.

Complications of an enlarged prostate can include:

Sudden Inability to Urinate (Urinary Retention). One might need to have a catheter (tube) inserted into the bladder to drain the urine. Some men with an enlarged prostate actually need surgery to relieve urinary retention.
Bladder Stones. These stones are usually caused by an inability to completely empty the bladder. Bladder stones cause infection, bladder irritation, blood in the urine and obstruction of urine flow.
Bladder Damage. A bladder that hasn’t emptied completely stretches and weakens over time. As a result, the muscular wall of the bladder no longer contracts properly, making it harder to fully empty your bladder.
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs). The inability to fully empty the bladder can increase the risk of infection in your urinary tract. If UTIs occur too frequently, you might need surgery to remove part of the prostate.
Kidney Damage. Pressure in the bladder from urinary retention can directly damage the kidneys or allow bladder infections to reach the kidneys.

Most men with enlarged prostates don’t develop these complications. However, acute urinary retention and kidney damage can be serious health threats. Having an enlarged prostate is not believed to increase your risk of developing prostate cancer.

If you think you might have Benign prostatic hyperplasia, call one of our offices or book an appointment with Z Urology to discuss. Having a urologist can help in your treatment of BPH. If you think this is an issue, don’t delay. Instead, pick up the phone and call Z Urology, with offices in South Florida. Call today!

We provide state-of-the-art urologic care in the South Florida area with a focus on both male and female urology. Our practice specializes in all urologic procedures, specifically, minimally invasive methods. Our three locations to choose from are located in Fort Lauderdale, Coral Springs and Pompano Beach.

We at “Z” specialize in bladder issues, erectile dysfunction (ED), prostate issues, urinary incontinence, sexual dysfunction, stone disease, BPH, male infertility, pyeloplasty, Peyronie’s disease, and ureteral reimplantation.

Symptoms & Causes of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Symptoms & Causes of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

What do you know about Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)? One thing, is that it is also called prostate gland enlargement, and is a common condition as men get older. An enlarged prostate gland can cause uncomfortable urinary symptoms. These symptoms include blocking the flow of urine out of the bladder. It can also cause bladder, urinary tract or kidney problems.

The good news is that there are several effective treatments for prostate gland enlargement, including medications, minimally invasive therapies and surgery. To choose the best option, Z Urology will consider your symptoms, the size of your prostate, other health conditions you might have and your preferences of treatment.

Here we go over the symptoms and causes of BPH.

Symptoms

The severity of symptoms in people who have prostate gland enlargement varies. Symptoms tend to worsen gradually over time.

The common signs and symptoms of BPH include:

  • Frequent or urgent need to urinate
  • Weak urine stream or a stream that stops and starts
  • Increased frequency of urination at night (nocturia)
  • Dribbling at the end of urination
  • Inability to completely empty the bladder
  • Difficulty starting urination

The less common signs and symptoms include:

  • Urinary tract infection
  • Inability to urinate
  • Blood in the urine

The size of the prostate doesn’t necessarily determine the severity of symptoms. Interestingly, some men with only slightly enlarged prostates can have significant symptoms, while other men with very enlarged prostates can have only minor urinary symptoms.

In some men, symptoms eventually stabilize and might even improve over time.

Other Possible Causes of Urinary Symptoms

Conditions that can lead to symptoms similar to those caused by enlarged prostate include:

  • Urinary tract infection
  • Inflammation of the prostate (prostatitis)
  • Narrowing of the urethra (urethral stricture)
  • Scarring in the bladder neck as a result of previous surgery
  • Bladder or kidney stones
  • Problems with nerves that control the bladder
  • Cancer of the prostate or bladder

When to See a Doctor

If you’re having urinary problems, discuss them with your doctor. Even if you don’t find urinary symptoms bothersome, it’s important to identify or rule out any underlying causes. Untreated, urinary problems might lead to obstruction of the urinary tract.

Causes

The prostate gland is located beneath the bladder. The tube that transports urine from the bladder out of the penis (urethra) passes through the center of the prostate. When the prostate enlarges, it begins to block urine flow.

Most men have continued prostate growth throughout their life. In many men, this continued growth enlarges the prostate enough to cause urinary symptoms or to significantly block urine flow.

It isn’t entirely clear what causes the prostate to enlarge. However, it might be due to changes in the balance of sex hormones as men grow older. Most men with an enlarged prostate don’t develop these complications.

Having an enlarged prostate is not believed to increase your risk of developing prostate cancer.

If you think you might have Benign prostatic hyperplasia, call one of our offices or book an appointment with Z Urology to discuss. Having a urologist can help in your treatment of BPH. If you think this is an issue, don’t delay. Instead, pick up the phone and call Z Urology, with offices in South Florida. Call today!

We provide state-of-the-art urologic care in the South Florida area with a focus on both male and female urology. Our practice specializes in all urologic procedures, specifically, minimally invasive methods. Our three locations to choose from are located in Fort Lauderdale, Coral Springs and Pompano Beach.

We at “Z” specialize in bladder issues, erectile dysfunction (ED), prostate issues, urinary incontinence, sexual dysfunction, stone disease, BPH, male infertility, pyeloplasty, Peyronie’s disease, and ureteral reimplantation.

Does Your Prostate Cancer Require Treatment

Does Your Prostate Cancer Require Treatment

When anyone gets the news “you have cancer”, they naturally assume that it must be removed as soon as possible, and that that is the best course of action. Surprisingly though, in the cases of prostate cancer, sometimes watching and waiting is the best advice.

Here at Z Urology, we offer state-of-the-art treatments to address a wide range of urinary and prostate issues. We provide personalized care and individualized treatment plans in a caring, supportive environment.

While getting a prostate cancer diagnosis is quite scary, the statistics are hopeful. Almost 100% of men with localized (only in the prostate) and regional (cancer in the prostate and nearby structures or lymph nodes) prostate cancer survive for at least five years. In many cases, treatment or emergency treatments right away may not even be necessary.

The Stage of Prostate Cancer Determines the Treatment

Determining your cancer’s stage, if it has spread, and how far it has, is one of the biggest factors to consider in deciding on treatment. Factors used to figure out the stage include:

  • Size or extent of the main tumor
  • If it has spread to other areas in the body
  • If it has spread to lymph nodes nearby
  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level as determined by a blood test

Another assessment that helps stage the cancer is the Gleason score. It looks at how abnormal the cancer cells appear under a microscope to help determine how quickly they could grow and spread.

Other Factors to Consider

The stage of cancer isn’t the only consideration when making treatment decisions. Other things one must consider is your age, overall health, and your personal preferences.

For example, if you have a slow-growing cancer and you’re older with other serious health problems, you might view prostate cancer as more of a chronic disease rather than something likely to lead to your death.

Men in this situation may choose to monitor the cancer instead of undergoing any treatments right away. This approach is usually considered when the tumor is small, only in the prostate, isn’t causing any symptoms, and is expected to grow slowly.

Men who are encouraged to undergo treatment are typically healthy, younger men, those with fast-growing cancer, or men whose cancer has spread outside the prostate.

Some treatments do have possible side effects, such as erection problems, incontinence, and bowel issues. Some men may choose to delay any treatments as long as possible to avoid these issues. Others may place their priorities on removing the cancer.

Making Your Own Decision About Prostate Cancer Treatment

Speaking with family and friends can help in the decision-making process. Although every man’s cancer diagnosis and recovery journey is different, discussing the pros and cons with other men who have been in the same situation may be helpful, too.

If you’ve been diagnosed with prostate cancer, call one of our offices or book an appointment with Z Urology to discuss your options.

Having a urologist can help in your treatment of your prostate cancer diagnosis. If you have been diagnosed with prostate cancer, don’t delay. Instead, pick up the phone and call Z Urology, with offices in South Florida. Call today!

We provide state-of-the-art urologic care in the South Florida area with a focus on both male and female urology. Our practice specializes in all urologic procedures, specifically, minimally invasive methods. Our three locations to choose from are located in Fort Lauderdale, Coral Springs and Pompano Beach.

We at “Z” specialize in bladder issues, erectile dysfunction (ED), prostate issues, urinary incontinence, sexual dysfunction, stone disease, male infertility, pyeloplasty, Peyronie’s disease, and ureteral reimplantation.

The Importance of Having a Urologist

The Importance of Having a Urologist

Eventually, men are forced with a question. Why do I need a urologist? Well, urologists are specialists who diagnose and treat conditions and diseases of the urinary tract and that is supremely important. Urinary tract problems are common, so you may need to seek out the services of an expert in the field of Urology.

Z Urology wants to share some of the reasons why it’s important to have a urologist. There are also several convenient office locations in South Florida to help you.

People often see a urologist due to signs or symptoms like these:

  • Blood in your urine
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Leaking urine when you cough or sneeze
  • Lower back pain or pain on the side of your back
  • Pain in your abdomen, pelvis, or groin area
  • Protruding, fallen bladder

Any of these signs or symptoms could be an indication of something more serious. Urologists treat annoying, painful, or serious medical conditions like these:

  • Overactive bladder
  • Inflammation of the prostate
  • Enlarged prostate
  • Kidney or bladder stones
  • Bladder, kidney, or urinary tract infection
  • Kidney, bladder, or prostate cancer
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Sexually transmitted infections and diseases

It is important to visit a urologist if you notice any of the signs or symptoms listed above. Not seeking treatment can result in kidney or bladder damage, prostate cancer, and other serious medical conditions.

When you visit your urologist, they may order lab tests to check your kidney function, blood cell counts, hormone levels, and PSA (prostate-specific antigen) levels. They may also recommend medical imaging of your kidneys, prostate, bladder, or other organs.

Having a urologist can help ensure early diagnosis and treatment of potentially serious or even fatal urological issues. If you are having urinary tract or prostate issues, don’t delay. Instead, pick up the phone and call Z Urology, with offices in South Florida. Call today!

We provide state-of-the-art urologic care in the South Florida area with a focus on both male and female urology. Our practice specializes in all urologic procedures, specifically, minimally invasive methods. Our three locations to choose from are located in Fort Lauderdale, Coral Springs and Pompano Beach.

We at “Z” specialize in bladder issues, erectile dysfunction (ED), prostate issues, urinary incontinence, sexual dysfunction, stone disease, male infertility, pyeloplasty, Peyronie’s disease, and ureteral reimplantation.

Tight Clothes and Heat Lead to Male Infertility

Tight Clothes and Heat Lead to Male Infertility

The problem of infertility occurs in about 15% of couples. In roughly a third of these couples, male infertility is usually the main issue. This occurs due to low sperm production and abnormal function or blockages of sperm. There are several medical and environmental factors that tend to lead to male infertility, including overheating of the testicles. High temperatures can damage sperm production and function.

Happy sperm tends to thrive in an environment that is 4-6 degrees cooler than the male core body temperature (an average of 97-99 degrees). This is why testicles are equipped with the cremaster muscle. When the body gets too cold, the cremaster muscle contracts to pull the testicles closer to the body, and when the body gets too warm, the cremaster muscle relaxes to let the testicles hang low.

When sperm are exposed to elevated temperatures, they die. Prolonged heat exposure can have a damaging effect on the sperm production process, which will cause the body to produce less sperm.

So what really can be done?

Factors That Affect Sperm Health

Fertility is usually determined by several factors, including quantity, movement and structure. “Sufficient” fertility is likely if a single ejaculation contains at least 15 million sperm per milliliter. Too little sperm will make conception more difficult because there are too few sperm to fertilize an egg.

When prolonged heat exposure slows down the production process, it can lead many sperm to become abnormally shaped.

Boxers vs. Briefs

The ongoing debate about boxers versus briefs can be determined by one key factor, and that is heat.

Studies have shown that men who wear boxers have higher sperm counts than men who wear briefs. The tight fit that comes with wearing briefs is what ultimately contributes to lower sperm count.

Why is this? Because testicles need to “breathe” to function properly, and when heat is thrown into the mix, the combination of tight briefs and increased temperatures can lead to low-functioning sperm.

Making a choice between something as simple as boxers versus briefs is one of the cheaper, more simple options for dealing with fertility struggles and can have a real impact on sperm health.

Producing Healthy Sperm

There are several steps that can be followed in order to increase the chances of producing healthy sperm.

First, maintaining a healthy weight and a healthy diet while consuming plenty of fruits and veggies that are rich in antioxidants can help keep sperm healthy. Another factor is practicing safe sex and protecting against sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, which can cause infertility in men.

Stress management is also a key for a variety of health reasons, with infertility being one of them. Stress often leads to decreased sexual function, which then causes an interference with sperm-producing hormones. Exercise and physical activity can help to increase levels of antioxidant enzymes, which help to protect sperm and keep them functioning efficiently.

If you think you are dealing with infertility issues, then you need to look us up. We are Z Urology. We provide state-of-the-art urologic care in the South Florida area with a focus on both male and female urology. Our practice specializes in all urologic procedures, specifically, minimally invasive methods. Our three locations to choose from are located in Fort Lauderdale, Coral Springs and Pompano Beach.

We at “Z” specialize in bladder issues, erectile dysfunction (ED), prostate issues, urinary incontinence, sexual dysfunction, stone disease, male infertility, pyeloplasty, Peyronie’s disease, and ureteral reimplantation.