New Prostate Cancer Urine Test Shows Aggressiveness in Disease

New Prostate Cancer Urine Test Shows Aggressiveness in Disease

We at Z Urology treat many issues that pertain to urological health. One of the most important and frequent issues faced is that of prostate cancer. There is some promising news regarding prostate cancer testing coming out in the press.

A new prostate cancer urine test shows how aggressive the disease is and could reduce invasive biopsies. The researchers from the University of East Anglia have developed a new urine test for prostate cancer which also shows how aggressive the disease is.

The research team says their new test could reduce the number of unnecessary prostate cancer biopsies by 35 percent. Sadly, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men. It develops slowly and typically will not require treatment.

The most common tests for prostate cancer include blood tests, an MRI scan or an invasive biopsy. Invasive biopsies can be very expensive, and even have psychological and societal costs to patients and healthcare systems alike.

The research team developed the new ExoGrail urine test by combining two biomarker sources. They used the measurements of a protein-marker called EN2 and the levels of gene expression of 10 genes related to prostate cancer risk. The ExoGrail test also provided risk scores for patients and highlighted those for which an invasive biopsy would have been beneficial.

The findings show that using information from multiple, non-invasive biomarker sources has the potential to greatly improve how patients with suspected prostate cancer are risk-assessed prior to an invasive biopsy.

If you feel you are in need of a urologist in South Florida to aid in your prostate cancer treatment, this article highlighted, then contact Z Urology for a group that is dedicated to delivering world-class expertise in urology, along with an unwavering commitment to their patients. The three locations to choose from are located in Fort Lauderdale, Coral Springs, and Pompano Beach.

You can go to the website directly and set up an appointment or you can call 954-714-8200. Either way, you contact, you will be setting up to see the leading urologist office in all of South Florida. With an extremely talented and professional staff of doctors and more, you are in truly good hands with the doctors and nurses at Z Urology. Z Urology is your leader in urological care. Go ahead and call now!

 

Your South Florida Urological Leader is Z Urology

Your South Florida Urological Leader is Z Urology

For any and all potential urological patients in South Florida, you know that the office of Z Urology is a local leader and provider of urological examinations, procedures, and treatments. Z Urology has been providing the area with these services for nearly 20 years.

Dr. Zahalsky aka Dr. Z started his practice with a team of medical pros that provided state of the art urologic care. This care was provided for both women and men. Urological health is important to not only treat in a rapid manner but to understand how to maintain health. If you are seeking a team of medical professionals in Pompano Beach, Fort Lauderdale, or Coral Springs in South Florida that specializes in minimally invasive procedures, then contact Z Urology today.

Contact Z Urology If You Are Suffering

Urologic care includes all things that have to do with your genitourinary tract. This includes your kidneys, bladder, urethra, and your reproductive organs. The illnesses and ailments that qualify in these areas are:

    • Prostate Cancer – Cancer that affects the prostate.
    • Bladder Cancer – Cancer that affects the bladder.
    • Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia – Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the enlargement of the prostate.
    • Infertility – Infertility is any condition that adversely affects the chances of initiating a pregnancy.
    • Erectile Dysfunction – Erectile Dysfunction (ED) is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection suitable for sexual intercourse.
    • Bladder/Kidney Stones ­- Kidney stones are solid pieces of material that form when substances normally found in the urine, such as mineral and acid salts, become concentrated and crystallize.
    • Urinary Dysfunction – Urinary dysfunction is a term that encompasses all errors within the urinary tract. This includes urinary incontinence on low levels such as leakage, to high levels such as a complete loss of all bladder control.

 

If you feel you are in need of a urologist in South Florida to aid in any of the above, then contact Z Urology for a group that is dedicated to delivering world-class expertise in urology, along with an unwavering commitment to their patients. The three locations to choose from are located in Fort Lauderdale, Coral Springs, and Pompano Beach.

You can go to the website directly and set up an appointment or you can call 954-714-8200. Either way, you contact, you will be setting up to see the leading urologist office in all of South Florida. With an extremely talented and professional staff of doctors and more, you are in truly good hands with the doctors and nurses at Z Urology. Z Urology is your leader in urological care. Go ahead and call now!

Everything You Need to Know About Vasectomy Side Effects

Everything You Need to Know About Vasectomy Side Effects

A vasectomy, which is performed here at Z Urology, is a type of permanent sterilization that prevents pregnancy by stopping sperm from entering the semen. The procedure involves cutting or blocking the vas deferens, which are the two tubes that carry sperm from the testicles to the urethra.

It is a very effective form of male contraception but is not 100% reliable. Approximately 1–2 out of every 1,000 women still get pregnant in the year following their partner’s vasectomy. Although the procedure is safe, some people may experience pain and other issues afterward.

In this article, we look at the vasectomy in more detail, including common side effects, risks and complications, recovery, and when to see a doctor.

Short-term side effects

It is advisable to abstain from sex for at least a week following a vasectomy.

Below, are some common side effects of a vasectomy procedure:

1. Pain

Immediately following a vasectomy, one may feel tenderness, pain, or pressure in the scrotum or pelvic area. Because of this, one should abstain from sex until the pain goes away, which is usually after about a week.

2. Infection

Some develop an infection at the site of the surgical procedure. The infection can cause intense pain and swelling. Doctors can prescribe antibiotics to treat the symptoms of a bacterial infection.

3. Bleeding

Excessive bleeding during or after surgery can increase pain and may make additional treatment necessary.

4. Pregnancy

It usually takes about 3 months for the semen to be completely free of sperm. As a result, it is still possible for a woman to get pregnant immediately after her partner has a vasectomy.

5. Swelling

Swelling and irritation in the scrotum are common. In some cases, the scrotum may look bruised or discolored.

Long-term Consequences and Risks

Most long-term consequences of a vasectomy are positive. Some people report improvements in their sex life, which may be due in part to decreased anxiety about unintentionally getting a partner pregnant.

However, there are potential risks following the procedure, including:

1. Recanalization

Recanalization happens when the vas deferens grow back to create a new connection, causing the vasectomy to reverse itself. The sperm are then able to get back into the semen, meaning that one becomes fertile again.

2. Failed Vasectomy

Sometimes, a vasectomy may fail. In this case, one may need to repeat the surgery or find another birth control option.

3. Regret and Uncertainty

Some may regret having a vasectomy and feel uncertain about whether they might still want children, particularly if they start a new relationship. Vasectomies are usually reversible, but the likelihood of success depends on the type of vasectomy and the skill of the reversal surgeon, among other factors.

4. Cancer

The risk of a person getting cancer after a vasectomy is very small. A 2019 study that followed more than 2.1 million Danish men for 38 years and found a small but statistically significant increase in prostate cancer among men who had vasectomies.

5. Decreased sexual function

Some worry that they will have weaker or less pleasurable orgasms following a vasectomy. However, a vasectomy does not affect sexual function unless one has an injury during the procedure or develops postvasectomy pain syndrome.

Complications

Some people experience serious complications after a vasectomy, but it is rare.

Below, are possible complications:

1. Infection and Bleeding

Infection and bleeding following the procedure are usually treatable, although in rare cases, they may prove dangerous or even fatal. A severe untreated infection or an antibiotic-resistant infection can spread to other areas of the body. Likewise, excessive bleeding may necessitate a blood transfusion or even threaten a person’s life. During the procedure, a surgeon may accidentally damage the testicular artery. This injury can cause bleeding in, or damage to, the testicles, as well as short- or long-term pain.

2. Postvasectomy pain syndrome

A more common complication is post-vasectomy pain syndrome, which causes a person to have long-term pain in the scrotum. The area may ache or be very sensitive. Post-vasectomy pain syndrome can affect sexual function and orgasm.

Although some treatments may lessen the pain, no specific treatment is totally effective, and some people live with long-term testicular pain. According to American Urological Association guidelines, 1–2% of men who have a vasectomy develop chronic pain.

3. Damage to Nerves and Sexual Function

Uncomplicated vasectomies do not cause impotence. However, both damage to nerves in the groin and postvasectomy pain may affect sexual function.

Recovery

Most take about a week to recover from a vasectomy.

The following self-care tips may help with pain:

  • Wearing snug-fitting underwear, such as briefs, to reduce movement and irritation
  • Applying an ice pack to the affected area to reduce pain and swelling
  • Taking pain relievers, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen
  • Avoid having sex in the days following the procedure

If sex is still painful after a week, you should wait until the pain reduces. When there are surgical complications, such as infection or bleeding, recovery may take longer. You should follow the doctor’s recommendations for recovery. If a doctor prescribes antibiotics, you should make sure that they finish the full course of treatment even if symptoms improve.

What to Expect After the Procedure

You may feel groggy after the procedure if it took place under general anesthesia. It will be unsafe to drive, so one should make alternative arrangements to get home.

If the medical team uses a local anesthetic instead, there will be no grogginess. However, the initial numbing injection may hurt or pinch, and one may notice pain and swelling that gets worse over several hours. The pain usually lasts a few days to a week. Most people find that home treatments effectively manage the pain.

There is still a risk of pregnancy until a doctor confirms that there are no sperm in the semen. People wishing to avoid pregnancy should use birth control until then. A few months after the procedure, a doctor will test the patient’s semen for the presence of sperm. This test is the best way to confirm the success of the vasectomy.

When to See a Doctor

Contact a doctor if you are experiencing:

  • Fever above 100°F
  • Sudden swelling of the scrotum, which becomes very tender
  • Pus coming out of the wound
  • Unbearable pain that does not respond to medication
  • Pain that lasts longer than a week
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Pain that comes back after weeks or months

In Summary

Most people who have a vasectomy return to work and their usual activities within a few days and experience no serious complications. A vasectomy is generally very safe, and it is much safer than permanent sterilization procedures for females. However, a person considering a vasectomy should discuss the risks with their doctor. In particular, they should ask whether their health history makes them more vulnerable to any specific complications.

If you feel you are in need of a urologist in South Florida to aid in your decision and actual vasectomy procedure, this article highlighted, then contact Z Urology for a group that is dedicated to delivering world-class expertise in urology, along with an unwavering commitment to their patients. The three locations to choose from are located in Fort Lauderdale, Coral Springs, and Pompano Beach.

You can go to the website directly and set up an appointment or you can call 954-714-8200. Either way, you contact, you will be setting up to see the leading urologist office in all of South Florida. With an extremely talented and professional staff of doctors and more, you are in truly good hands with the doctors and nurses at Z Urology. Z Urology is your leader in urological care. Go ahead and call now!

What are the Five Warning Signs of Prostate Cancer

What are the Five Warning Signs of Prostate Cancer

Cancer is something we all must deal with, unfortunately. Whether it is a loved one, a spouse, or even ourselves, cancer can strike and we must take notice and start to do something about it with treatments etc. We at Z Urology deal with a specific type of cancer quite often. That is prostate cancer, and it is actually quite common.

What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer affects the prostate glands of men. Prostate cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer deaths for men in the United States.

The prostate is a small organ that lies below the urinary bladder and in front of the rectum (part of the large intestine). In men, it is normal for the size of the prostate to increase with age. In younger men, it is about the size of a walnut. The prostate makes a milky fluid, which is a part of semen. This fluid feeds the sperm.

There are two types of growths in the prostate:

  • Benign growths: Non-cancerous growths and rarely a threat to life like benign prostatic hyperplasia.
  • Malignant growths: These are cancerous growths that can be life-threatening.

Prostate cancer starts in the prostate gland and may spread to other organs.

What Causes Prostate Cancer?

The exact cause of prostate cancer is primarily unknown. One in three men older than 50 has some cancer cells in the prostate. Luckily, eight out of ten tumors are found to be small and harmless after biopsy. Although the reason for prostate cancer is unknown, there are many risk factors that increase the risk of prostate cancer:

  • Lack of exercise
  • Obesity
  • Over 55 years of age (peak age 65-74)
  • Ethnicity: More common in African Americans as compared to Caucasians
  • Genetic/family history
  • High fat, unhealthy diet
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Alcohol intake
  • Hormonal causes

 

What are the Five Warning Signs of Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer rarely produces symptoms in its early stages. However, few signs can help in detecting prostate cancer. Five potential warning signs of prostate cancer are:

  1. Bone pain (due to spreading)
  2. Symptoms from compression of the spine
  3. Painful urination or ejaculation
  4. Sudden erectile dysfunction (trouble in getting an erection)
  5. Blood in urine or semen

 

What are Other Symptoms of Prostate Cancer?

Other symptoms of prostate cancer can be:

  • Weight loss
  • Frequent urination (particularly at night)
  • Loss of bladder control
  • Weak urine flow
  • Dull pain in the lower pelvic area
  • Pain in the lower back, hips, or thighs
  • Loss of appetite
  • Anemia
  • Pain and edema in the legs and feet
  • Neurologic deficit (an altered function of a body area)
  • Loss of bowel control

 

How is Prostate Cancer Diagnosed?

Screening asymptomatic men helps identify early prostate cancer.

Screening is recommended in men:

  • Who are between 55 and 69 years of age
  • Who are African American
  • Who have a family history of prostate cancer

Screening methods include:

  • A digital rectal examination that helps to find prostate problems
  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA): Increased PSA levels in the blood can sometimes indicate prostate cancer.
  • Definite diagnosis is based on the biopsy of the prostate tissue.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging studies and imaging tests may be used to assess the distant spread (metastasis).

How is Prostate Cancer Treated?

The treatment plan for prostate cancer depends on the following factors:

  • Age and health
  • Risk category
  • Life expectancy
  • The stage and grade of cancer

Treatment choices for prostate cancer involve:

  • Surveillance
  • Active surveillance: Monitoring cancer closely by carrying out PSA and DRE examination
    • Watchful waiting: Relies mainly on the changing symptoms in men
  • Localized therapy
    • Surgery involves the removal of the prostate gland (prostatectomy)
    • Radiation therapy
    • Cryotherapy is the use of very cold temperatures to freeze and kill the cancerous cells
    • Focal therapy
  • Drug therapies that spread throughout the body to destroy cancer cells involve:
    • Hormonal therapy
    • Chemotherapy
    • Immunotherapy

If you feel you are in need of a urologist in South Florida to aid in helping deal with prostate cancer issues this article highlighted, then contact Z Urology for a group that is dedicated to delivering world-class expertise in urology, along with an unwavering commitment to their patients. The three locations to choose from are located in Fort Lauderdale, Coral Springs, and Pompano Beach.

You can go to the website directly and set up an appointment or you can call 954-714-8200. Either way, you contact, you will be setting up to see the leading urologist office in all of South Florida. With an extremely talented and professional staff of doctors and more, you are in truly good hands with the doctors and nurses at Z Urology. Z Urology is your leader in urological care. Go ahead and call now!